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I’ve managed to put together a new Blog that uses Supreme Court decisions to confirm the message that I’ve been working on over the years contained in this old Blog.  My previous research has now been updated to expose the underlying reason that the federal government uses the gold-fringed flag – my previous reasoning was that it stood for foreign commerce, but now I’ve found that it does indeed represent the military.  I’ve used Supreme Court decisions, along with the statutes of the United States Code (USC), the regulations of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), and the actual Acts of Congress to deliver my message.  This new revelation helps to explain the reason for the title of many of the CFR’s that implement the USC.  For instance, title 50 USC, “War and National Defense”, is implemented by title 50 CFR, “Wildlife and Fisheries”.  As well, title 18 USC, “Crimes and Criminal Procedure”, is implemented by title 50 CFR, “Conservation of Power and Water Resources”.  I will be adding this information to my new Blog soon.

Go to  to read “Supreme Court Decisions Concerning the 16th Amendment, Sovereignty, and Corporations”.  It will repeat much of what I have in this Blog, but it is presented with new evidence and, as I’ve stated, all backed by the Supreme Court itself (not that the Supreme Court meant to do this, but with the insights to the underlying law it all becomes apparent).


  1. what about these Supreme Court decisions?

    “If there is no gain, there is no income.” [1] …It [income] is not synonymous with receipts. Simply put, pay from a job is a ‘wage,’ and wages are not taxable. Congress has taxed income, not compensation.” United States Supreme Court Conner v. United States. 303 F. Supp. 1187 (1969) pg. 1191: 47 C.J.S. Internal Revenue 98, Pg. 226. (Emphasis added).

    “The claim that salaries, wages, and compensation for personal services are to be taxed as an entirety and therefore must be returned by the individual… is without support, either in the language of the Act or in the decisions of the courts construing it… it is not salaries, wages or compensation for personal services that are to be included in gross income. That which is to be included is gains, profits, and income derived from salaries, wages, or compensation for personal services.” United States Supreme Court, Lucas v. Earl, 281 U.S. 111 (1930). (Emphasis added).

    “We must reject in this case…the broad contention submitted in behalf of the Government that all receipts – everything that comes in – are income within the proper definition of the term ‘gross income’…” United States Supreme Court Doyle v. Mitchell Brother, Co., 247 US 179 (1918).

    And the IRC Section 22 GROSS INCOME:

    (a): Gross income includes gains, profits, and income derived from salaries, wages, or compensation for personal service…

    • The IRS website points out the law that originated the Commissioner of Internal Revenue in the early 1860’s. That law in turn references a previous law that established the income tax as a tax on the collectors of internal duties. That is what the Brushaber (1916) decision is based upon because Brushaber was a withholding agent for foreign investors in the Union Pacific RR. The Supreme Court decisions that you have cited are telling you the truth. It is only as a U.S. shareholder that the income tax comes into play – it is corporate income that is being taxed, not regular earnings. You are receiving an undistributed dividend that makes you liable for the income tax. All “U.S. residents” are deemed to be “U.S. shareholders”.

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