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Tag Archives: 16th Amendment

            What you are about to read will stun you.  We Americans have been brainwashed over the last 235 years – this is written in the year 2011 and the Declaration of Independence was adopted in 1776.  Your elected officials are simply other people like yourself – they are pawns in this elaborate charade, as are we all.  Only a very few people understand what you are about to learn.

                                       HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

            The Constitution established the federal government of the United States.  The Constitution was written under the pre-established tenet put forth in the Declaration of Independence that “all men are created equal” (and, of course, women).  Thus, the Constitution only grants the federal government jurisdiction over foreign commerce, interstate commerce, and trade with the Indians (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) – the Constitution could not grant the federal government any jurisdiction over intrastate commerce because of that pre-established tenet that “all men are created equal”.  The United States Code (U.S.C.) states that the organic laws of the United States consist of the following documents, in this order:  “The Declaration of Independence”, “The Articles of Confederation”, “The Northwest Ordinance”, and “The Constitution”.  Therefore, the statutes (laws) within the U.S.C. must get their jurisdiction from the Constitution. 

            When all people are equal no one or group, including government, may ever initiate force or fraud against any other person or group.  A sovereign American has no right to initiate force or fraud against “anyone else” as that is what sovereignty entails for the “anyone else” since “all men are created equal”.  You cannot convey a power that you do not have to any government agent.  All government agents are simply other people.  Since an individual American is sovereign, no government agent may ever initiate coercion against that individual.  Unless a sovereign American initiates force or fraud against someone else, that American is free to choose what to do. 

            Commerce is, in essence, human action.  Sovereignty in America lies with the individual, thus no man may regulate another man.  Under such a government, freedom would flourish and there could never be any such thing as federal regulation that applied to sovereign Americans.  A real crime consists of a perpetrator and a victim.  There can be no such thing as a “victimless crime” under a government based upon the tenet that “all men are created equal”.  A sovereign American cannot be required to do anything under penalty of law.  Only by initiating force or fraud against another can a sovereign American be guilty of committing a crime.  The government, as a defensive recourse, may then be called into play to determine the guilt of the accused.   

            Yet Americans are now burdened with the largest government in the world.  Nearly everyone believes that the United States government has trashed the Constitution.  But that’s not possible as all statutes and regulations must comport with the Constitution, as evidenced above where the United States Code states that it is based upon the organic laws of the country.  A law must be approved within the jurisdictional structure set by the Constitution.  If all this is true, how did we Americans lose control of the federal government?  It turns out that history is nothing like what you have been led to believe by the media.   

                           HISTORY NOT REPORTED BY THE MEDIA           

Even though it appeared that the colonies had secured their freedom by winning the American Revolution, Great Britain still intended to collect its taxes as it had put forth with its Stamp Act of 1765 and its Townshend Acts of 1767.  Since America was thousands of miles away from Great Britain, overt force was not the answer as the Revolution had proved.  But that did not deter Great Britain from its goal of securing its taxes, as royal families have absolutely no desire to establish freedom.  Royal families believe that they are more important than anyone else and that they are entitled to anything they want.  The very idea that the colonies could rule themselves and not pay tribute to the royal families was intolerable.  As you will learn, nothing would stand in the way of Great Britain collecting its taxes.  If you don’t believe that this is so, go to and you will see that Great Britain still shares ownership with the United States of the Mississippi River today.

In order for Great Britain to secure its taxes from America, it sent its international counterfeiters (bankers) to immediately begin their delegated plans to take over America.  (Today the world’s banking is controlled by the city-state known as the “Crown” within London).  They infiltrated every meeting of the Founding Fathers.  The front man for the bankers was Alexander Hamilton and he became the first Secretary of the Treasury.

Since the Constitution did not grant (and could not grant) any jurisdiction over intrastate commerce, the bankers’ goal was to slowly take over the federal government through the foreign commerce clause in conjunction with the grant from the Constitution that the federal government has total control over its own possessions (Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2).  Under foreign commerce the federal government is sovereign, and within its possessions the federal government is sovereign as well.  The federal government may impose any tax or regulation it likes under these jurisdictions.  This was the blueprint that Great Britain’s bankers would use to create the “New World Order”.  This does not mean a “world order” that is “new” – it means the “Order” established in the “New World”.

Just two years after the ratification of the Constitution (March 4, 1789, was the date that the First Congress convened), on March 3, 1791, the bankers’ man, Alexander Hamilton, wrote the Act of Congress that initiated “internal duties” within the United States.  This Act of Congress was the tax upon stills and the stills’ distillate and caused what is now known as the “Whiskey Rebellion”.  Hamilton termed this resistance to the tax on stills as a “rebellion” so that the federal government could use the militia to enforce its collection.  Hamilton did this in order to prevent anyone from challenging the constitutionality of the Act of Congress that initiated “internal duties”.  This was a tax on an intrastate activity and, therefore, without the government’s jurisdiction.  In a country where “all men are created equal” there can be no such thing as an “internal duty”, since its collection would be based upon the threat and use of initiatory force by the government, which only consists of other Americans, against sovereign Americans.

Settlers in the frontier at that time were using alcohol as a medium of trade, in other words, money.  Alcohol could be “gauged” and measured so that, for instance, a pint of 80-proof alcohol would have a pre-set value.  A quart of 90-proof alcohol would have a higher pre-set value.  That settlers in the frontier were using “gauged” alcohol for their trade evidences that people can mutually come to an agreement on a form of money, something with intrinsic value, for commerce.  This would be intolerable to the international bankers’ long term plan to print their counterfeit money since it is backed by nothing but debt.

Knowing full well that this Act of Congress was unconstitutional, Hamilton pressed President Washington to quell the “Whiskey Rebellion”.  Washington led the federal militia as far as Bedford, Pennsylvania, and then returned home.  At that point Hamilton assumed control of the militia and ran rampant over western Pennsylvania.  Under what jurisdiction could the Secretary of the Treasury assume control of the federal militia?  There is no such jurisdiction, but this action evidences that the bankers had no intention of allowing freedom to be established over the long term.  It was of paramount importance that Hamilton’s Act of Congress not be challenged.  Within this Act it stated that the revenue collectors of this tax on stills and the stills’ distillate would be the same as those who were already empowered to collect the previously laid taxes.  The only taxes laid at that time were based upon importing and tonnage (the displacement of the ships in the harbor), which is properly under foreign commerce – these revenue officers are all members of the customs.  By hiding the fact that the government was using customs collectors to collect the tax on stills and the stills’ distillate, Hamilton’s actions evidence that he knew that he was collecting a tax based upon an unconstitutional Act of Congress.  This was the beginning of the A.T.F. – now part of the Customs Service.  This was the foundation for taking over America through the foreign commerce clause of the Constitution.  Go to for more on the Whiskey Rebellion.

The federal government’s use of force allowed Hamilton’s Act of Congress that initiated “internal duties” to be presumed to be the law of the land and became the basis for a series of other federal laws, including federal transportation taxes.

After several generations of slowly indoctrinating Americans to the concept of “internal duties”, it was time for the next big step in the bankers’ quest to allow Great Britain to secure its taxes that had caused the American Revolution.

On August 5, 1861, the income tax was established as a tax on the collectors and assessors of the “internal duties” within an Act of Congress concerning importing – “An act to provide increased revenue from imports, to pay interest on the public debt, and for other purposes”.  Note that the income tax was established for the benefit of the bankers within foreign commerce (importing) – it was within an Act of Congress approved to pay interest on the public debt.  The public debt consists of the money loaned to the government by the international counterfeiters, along with the interest on the loans.  On July 1, 1862, the Act of Congress “An act to provide internal revenue to support the government and to pay interest on the public debt” created the office of Commissioner of Internal Revenue.  This Act (7/1/1862) that created the Commissioner of Internal Revenue’s office cites back to the Act (8/5/1861) that created the income tax.  This was the beginning of the I.R.S. – also part of the Customs Service.  Since the collectors of “internal duties” are within the customs, internal revenue (with its income tax) is also within the customs.  To see the actual statutes that define the jurisdiction of the internal revenue laws go to and go to to see the actual Act of Congress that created the income tax.

Under Title 31 U.S.C. “Money and Finance”, Subtitle I “General”, Chapter 3 “Department of the Treasury”, Subchapter I “Organization” are listed the various bureaus and services within the Department of Treasury.  The sections are as follows:

Sec. 301  Department of the Treasury, Sec. 302  Treasury of the United States, Sec. 303  Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Sec. 304  Bureau of the Mint, Sec.  305  Federal Financing, Sec. 306  Fiscal Service, Sec. 307  Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Sec. 308  United States Customs Service, Sec. 309  Office of Thrift Supervision, Sec. 310  Continuing in office

Conspicuous by their absence are the Internal Revenue Service, as well as The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.  The very first section above (Sec. 301) includes a reference to the Internal Revenue Service in subsection (f)(2), yet the I.R.S. is not listed as a department of the U.S. Treasury.  The reason that the I.R.S. and the A.T.F. are not listed separately is because they are within the United States Customs Service.

The next step was to cause as much destruction and confusion as possible – by funding both sides of the Civil War.  At this time Albert Pike was the most notorious of the bankers’ men.  The bankers have always relied upon warfare to increase the powers of the federal government.  Slavery was put forth as a major cause of the war, but it actually had to do with strengthening the federal government’s apparent power and jurisdiction.  Slavery was abolished slowly by a Public Resolution of Congress approved on April 10, 1862, and then entirely by the ratification of the 13th Amendment on December 6, 1865.  The 14th Amendment, part of the Reconstruction Period, was ratified on July 9, 1868, under the propaganda that it would eliminate any inequalities between the races.  The truth is that the 14th Amendment was all about extending the federal government’s apparent jurisdictional power.  Section 1 of the 14th Amendment states:  “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state where they reside.”.  As noted above, the Constitution does not and cannot grant the federal government any jurisdiction over intrastate commerce since the Declaration of Independence trumps the Constitution and states that “all men are created equal”.  Therefore, a sovereign American, one born in one of the States, is not subject to the federal government’s jurisdiction.  How can a sovereign American become a 14th Amendment citizen – one born in the United States and subject to its jurisdiction?  This is now known as the “U.S. citizen”.  The example of a “U.S. citizen” is buried deep in the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.) as a person born in one of the sovereign States who then establishes a residence in a U.S. possession and, further, acquires U.S. possession citizenship (see 26 C.F.R. 25.2501-1(c) for the example).  This person (a legal fiction), the “U.S. citizen”, is now born in the United States and subject to its jurisdiction.  Now who would ever do such a thing as give up sovereignty and volunteer to become a possession citizen?  No one would, of course, but that’s what the birth certificate is all about in today’s timeframe – you have unknowingly claimed to be a “U.S. citizen”.  The birth certificate is used in trade by the international counterfeiters within foreign commerce.  By establishing the legal fiction known as a “U.S. citizen”, the banker-controlled legislative draftsmen may make laws that appear to apply to sovereign Americans as well as to U.S. possession citizens.  The banker-controlled courts can now render decisions that appear to apply to sovereign Americans by making decisions that use both of the legal terms “U.S. citizen” and “possession citizen”.  It’s clear that by this time in history, the bankers were writing the laws of the land and controlling the courts.  For more behind the 14th Amendment go to “The 14th Amendment Destroyed America’s Sovereignty” at .

After the Civil War in the early 1870’s the banker-controlled Congress created a corporation titled “The United States of America”.  This set the stage for contract law that would control a “U.S. citizen”.

In 1898 the Spanish-American War resulted in the United States gaining several possessions –Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.  Remember that the federal government has exclusive jurisdiction over its possessions.  Now everything was in place for the bankers to initiate their “end game” – the bankrupting of the corporation known as “The United States of America”.

Most people have heard of the “Creature from Jekyll Island” – the establishment of the Federal Reserve System.  But without Hamilton’s Act of Congress that surreptitiously used the customs for revenue collections of “internal duties”, the establishment of the Federal Reserve would not allow the complete takeover of the United States government.  It was now 1913 and the Act of Congress that created the Federal Reserve System was approved and the 16th Amendment was ratified to allow the federal government to go forward with the income tax.  As ruled in several Supreme Court decisions, the 16th Amendment was constitutional as the federal government was held to have always had the power to tax income and that no new jurisdiction was granted to the federal government.  (Go to to see more detail concerning the Supreme Court decisions).  As pointed out several times in this article, the federal government has absolutely no jurisdiction over intrastate commerce because “all men are created equal”.  It has no jurisdiction over human action.  So since the Supreme Court ruled that the federal government always had the power to impose an income tax, then that tax must be within one of the federal government’s already existing jurisdictions as originally granted by the Constitution.  As it has been shown above, the income tax was created within an Act of Congress that concerns importing – foreign commerce.  And as it has also been shown above, the A.T.F. and the I.R.S. are within the Customs Service – foreign commerce.

The three federal commerce jurisdictions are cited separately in title 28 U.S.C., “Judiciary and Judicial Procedure”, at chapter 85, “District courts; jurisdiction”.  These are the sections of the United States Code (U.S.C.) that convey jurisdiction to the courts from the Constitution. Title 28 U.S.C. §1336, “Surface Transportation Board’s Orders”, which was renamed from “Interstate Commerce Commission’s Orders” in 1995, is the interstate commerce jurisdiction.  Title 28 U.S.C. §1362, “Indian Tribes”, is obviously the trade with the Indians jurisdiction.  And title 28 U.S.C. §1340, “Internal revenue; customs duties”, is the foreign commerce jurisdiction.

Once established, the Federal Reserve immediately went to work to bankrupt America.  One of the most important things the bankers did was to create the Prohibition through the approval of the 18th Amendment (ratified on January 16, 1919).  Of course, this all goes back in time to the unconstitutional Act of Congress (3/3/1791) taxing stills and the stills’ distillate that Alexander Hamilton authored.  Without this unconstitutional Act of Congress in place, the federal government has no jurisdiction to control anything within intrastate commerce.  The Prohibition would be extremely critical in order to finish the construction of “internal revenue” as part of foreign commerce.  Then came the time of the “Roaring Twenties” when everyone relied on smugglers for alcoholic beverages.  This was also the time that the Federal Reserve engineered the great stock market crash of 1929.  The intent of the bankers was to cause as much wide spread poverty as possible.

In 1933 the corporation known as “The United States of America” was officially bankrupted by the Federal Reserve – this was when the United States quit redeeming paper money for gold in the United States because it couldn’t pay its interest to the Federal Reserve.  During the mid-1930’s the banker-controlled legislative draftsmen created the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.) in order to keep within the constraints of the Constitution and evidence the underlying relational jurisdiction of the statutes (laws) within the United States Code (U.S.C.).  Title 11 U.S.C., “Bankruptcy”, is implemented by title 11 C.F.R., “Federal Elections” – this evidences the bankruptcy of the United States.  All we Americans are voting on is the election of a bankruptcy “administration”.  The year 1933 was also the time that the Prohibition was abolished by the approval of the 21st Amendment (ratified December 5, 1933), which repealed the 18th Amendment.  What really happened of importance for the bankers was that the internal revenue laws were exported to the U.S. possessions, specifically the Virgin Islands (see title 48 U.S.C., “Territories and Insular Possessions”, §1402) and Puerto Rico (see title 48 U.S.C. §734a).  Within the internal revenue code the U.S. possessions are treated as foreign countries – this fits within foreign commerce (see  26 U.S.C. §865(i)(3), §872(b)(8), and §2014(g)).  By deeming the U.S. possessions as foreign countries, all U.S. possession citizens and “U.S. citizens” could be treated as foreigners.  There is nothing wrong with declaring the U.S. possessions to be foreign countries, because the Constitution grants the federal government complete control of its possessions.  U.S. possession citizens are considered property of the U.S. government.  The creation of the legal fiction known as the “U.S. citizen” allows the U.S. government to own them as well since they unknowingly have claimed to have U.S. possession citizenship.  Internal revenue is within the customs.  Customs gains revenue from the collection of importing duties from foreign countries, while internal revenue gains revenue from the collection of importing duties from the U.S. possessions, thus a source of “internal revenue” from the banker-controlled government’s perspective.

The “Great Depression” of the 1930’s followed the stock market crash of 1929.  The banker-controlled media cajoled the public to ask the federal government for help.  The banker-controlled government was being pressured to come up with a solution that would never allow such a thing as the “Great Depression” again, or at least provide some kind of safety net for Americans.  The bankers had bankrupted the government and now could proceed under the foreign commerce clause, however, they still needed some way to make all Americans pay for the interest on their counterfeit money loans to the government.  By controlling the economy and creating the Great Depression, the Federal Reserve had everyone clamoring for the government to help, so the bankers came up with the Social Security Scam.  The next thing that the banker-controlled government did was to create F.I.C.A. – the propaganda was that this would be an insurance program for Americans.  But since the federal government has no intrastate commerce jurisdiction, the government could only create F.I.C.A. as a U.S. possession tax (see 26 U.S.C. § 7655(a)).  Go to for more on exactly what F.I.C.A. is – it’s a railroad retirement plan.

A “U.S. citizen” could apply for F.I.C.A., a U.S. possession tax, since such a citizen is presumed to have U.S. possession citizenship.  As you can now understand, it was first important to establish the legal fiction known as the “U.S. citizen” long before the need for F.I.C.A.  It was also important that the concept of an income tax be in the public’s conscience long before the bankruptcy occurred.  All of the bankers’ plans were laid out immediately after the ink dried on the Declaration of Independence since the very idea that “all men are created equal” is never to be allowed by the bankers.

Now that the bankers could move forward under the foreign commerce clause, in conjunction with the federal government’s control of its own possessions, there was only one more step in enslaving all Americans.  There is one other facet of the Constitution that the bankers used – most of the Constitution concerns the federal government’s own employees.

The “SS-5” Form that Americans use to apply for a Social Security number is actually a federal employment form.  When one applies for a S.S. #, that person has become a “taxpayer”.  A “taxpayer” is a member of the Merchant Marine.  (See 26 C.F.R. 2.1-1(a)(5) within the Internal Revenue Code and also see 46 C.F.R. part 287 – title 46 is “Shipping”, which includes the Merchant Marine).  Preceding and during the War of 1812, Great Britain was impressing the United States Merchant Marine into service on British ships – the Social Security Scam ensures that nothing has changed today.  Now with the Social Security Scam in place, Great Britain is now able to collect its taxes as internal revenue taxes and the bankers’ income tax.  Many “internal duties” are paid by stamp, the very taxes that Great Britain laid upon the colonies in the mid-1700’s.  (See 26 U.S.C. §§ 6801 through 6808 – §6808 in particular cites to alcohol, tobacco, and firearms).

The banker-controlled legislative draftsmen created the “U.S. resident”.  This “term” includes both of the previous definitions of “taxpayer” and “U.S. citizen”.  (See 26 U.S.C. §865(g)).  A “U.S. resident” is a “U.S. citizen” living in America, thus a foreigner.  A “U.S. resident” is not only a foreigner, but also a federal government employee – the “taxpayer”, a member of the Merchant Marine.  All of the federal government’s powers now control a “U.S. resident”.

But even all of the above was not enough for Great Britain and its international counterfeiters.  You must understand that Americans are viewed by the royal family of Great Britain as “tax protesters” – people who must be punished in every way imaginable.  Royal families are known for their ruthlessness – nothing must get in their way of taking whatever they want from whomever they want.  By filing an I.R.S.  Form 1040, the “taxpayer” is unknowingly claiming self-employment income – this income is within an undistributed dividend based upon the collection of “internal duties” (see the definition of “Net earnings from self-employment” at 26 U.S.C. §1402(a)).  It is this undistributed dividend that conveys the jurisdiction to the government to collect income taxes from all Social Security applicants since it is based upon the collection of “internal duties”.  This is foreign income within the U.S. possessions attributed to a “U.S. resident”, in other words, a foreigner.  All “U.S. residents” are deemed to be “U.S. shareholders” (see 26 U.S.C. §958(b) concerning constructive ownership), in other words, shareholders of the bankrupt corporation “United States of America”, and now all of the corporate income tax laws apply as well.  There has never been any more enslaved creature then the “U.S. resident”.

The government uses the term “resident” within its I.R.S. indictment to bring in all the elements of the crime in a surreptitious, deceitful manner.  The federal courts and the Department of Justice are playing in a game without telling anyone the rules.  The “gold-fringed” American flag in the courtroom denotes that the court is proceeding under the foreign commerce clause.  Go to for all the actual definitions, including evidence of the federal court’s docket tampering in order to avoid ruling on my challenge to the sufficiency of the I.R.S. indictment that surreptitiously charges its victims as a “resident”.  “U.S. citizen”, “taxpayer”, “U.S. resident”, and “employee” are all terms within the law and the law must remain consistent within the limited jurisdiction of the federal government as constrained by the Constitution.  It is also apparent that a lot of federal tax lawyers are part of the scam – a federal tax lawyer should be aware that “internal revenue” is foreign commerce as evidenced above by title 28 U.S.C. §1340, “Internal revenue; customs duties”.

The Census Bureau’s overly inquisitive questionnaire was directed to “U.S. resident”.  The Census Bureau is within the Department of Commerce.  Title 15 U.S.C., “Commerce and Trade”, is implemented by title 15 C.F.R., “Commerce and Foreign Trade”.  Once again the jurisdiction is based upon foreign commerce since it applies to a “U.S. resident”.

Title 20 U.S.C., “Education”, is implemented by title 20 C.F.R., “Employee’s Benefits”.  The only employees that the government has jurisdiction over are its own employees.  Only a federal employee is liable for federal employment taxes.  So the school tax applies to government employees – the “taxpayers”, members of the Merchant Marine.  The 10th plank of the Communist Manifesto is to have the government control education.  This ensures that everyone will be taught that we Americans live in a democracy – democracy is just another form of Socialism based upon regulatory government backed by the threat of force.  Democracy, like any other form of Socialism (Fascism, Communism, Nazism, etc.) is incompatible with freedom since the government has absolutely no jurisdiction over intrastate commerce.  All forms of Socialism, including democracy, manifest poverty and cause increases in racism, homelessness, crime, illiteracy, innumeracy, terrorism, and ultimately war.

As well, an American’s property cannot be taxed, but a “U.S. resident” can be taxed as a foreigner under the foreign commerce clause.  Your property taxes and school taxes are directed to “U.S. resident”.  You apply for a checking account, savings account, credit card, or a loan by checking that you are a “U.S. resident”.  You have probably heard the phrase “residency restrictions apply” in many commercials concerning loans, but you never realized what that meant before now (actually, only very few people are supposed to understand this simple phrase, but by stating this phrase the corporations involved have indemnified themselves).

The medicine and drug laws are internal revenue laws – within foreign commerce.  To see the actual statutes and regulations go to and you will see how the government’s legislative draftsmen have tried to hide the underlying jurisdiction of the law.  Since the federal government has no jurisdiction over intrastate commerce (human action)  it cannot regulate what a sovereign American wishes to eat, smoke, drink, or otherwise consume.  The banker-controlled federal government relies entirely on subterfuge

It’s clear that the media has also been controlled by Great Britain’s bankers.  The media has been the government’s lapdog, probably from the founding of this country.  The media simply states whatever the government declares without ever questioning the veracity of the statement.  How could anyone believe that the income tax (second plank of the Communist Manifesto) was a power that the government always had over all Americans when this government is based upon the tenet that “all men are created equal”, a government without any jurisdiction at all over intrastate commerce?  The media was certainly culpable in the bankers’ quest to destroy American sovereignty.  That goes as well with the media’s reporting of the 14th Amendment.  The 14th Amendment and the 16th Amendment were ratified not for any American’s benefit, but to allow the banker-controlled government to proceed with their intended goal of destroying America.

Knowing all of the above, it’s quite clear that the Republican and Democratic parties are also controlled by Great Britain’s bankers at the national level.  When was the last time that either of these parties’ main issue had anything to do with restoring personal freedom?  The ridiculous posturing of both of these parties, be it to the “left” or the “right”, is promoted by the banker-controlled media to keep Americans occupied with the latest “crisis” or “emergency”.  Well, there is a “crisis” – it’s the lack of freedom under the United States government, a government supposedly created to uphold freedom.  There is no such thing as a “liberal” or “conservative” when it comes to freedom.  You are either free or you are not – there is no such thing as being a little bit free, or even mostly free.  The ultimate minority is the individual – only an individual has rights.  A government upholding the rights of the individual automatically upholds everyone’s rights.  All activists promoting some group’s rights are not upholding freedom, but simply obfuscating freedom.  The bankers are thrilled to have some “crisis” that seems to limit some group’s rights, but at no time will any true freedom activist be supported by the controlled media.

In July, 2011, the result of the first ever audit of the Federal Reserve was published on Senator Bernie Sanders (Vermont) website.  The article terms the result as “eye popping”, but now realizing the underlying deceit of Great Britain’s bankers, it is exactly what they had planned for long, long ago.  Even though the audit was scaled down from the original intent, it found that over $16,000,000,000,000.00 (that’s 16 trillion dollars) in financial assistance was given to the banks throughout the world.  That money all came from the “taxpayer” – an impressed member of the Merchant Marine in the service of Great Britain.



Obviously, we Americans need to abolish Social Security and have all monies paid into it and the income tax returned to the person who paid these fraudulent taxes.

The regulatory agencies of the federal government will be slowly phased out of existence, or at the very least, scaled down to their real jurisdictional realm (for instance, the E.P.A. gains its jurisdiction over federal government property).  But first the bureaucrats within these Socialistic regulatory agencies should return all the property they have confiscated to its rightful owners.  This will take time, but since the EPA, FDA, IRS, SEC, etc. have all the bureaucrats already in place, they simply need to undo all the crimes that they have committed under the false presumption that all Americans are “U.S. residents”.

The FED will be abolished, since it is nothing but a bunch of glorified counterfeiters.  There is no federal debt since nothing of value was ever obtained from the FED, just worthless pieces of paper.  Once there is no FED and no Social Security we Americans will restore the freedoms that the Declaration of Independence set out to establish under the tenet of “all men are created equal”.

The government has absolutely no jurisdiction over a sovereign American, but we Americans have given away our sovereignty by applying for a Social Security number and checking the “U.S. citizen” block on the “SS-5” form.  The “SS-5” form asks for citizenship in block #5 and the selections consist of “U.S. citizen” and legal aliens – this is another clue that the banker-controlled government is proceeding under the foreign commerce clause since that would include aliens.

Go to for a more elaborate explanation of the Social Security Scam.

If you wish to see that the income tax is based upon the collection of A.T.F. taxes, go to (“How to Read the Internal Revenue Code”) and follow the establishment of liability in the Internal Revenue Code.

The Declaration of Independence states:  “But when a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future Security.”.  It is, therefore, our duty as sovereign Americans to take back our government and restore our freedom as guaranteed under this organic document of the United States of America.  The Social Security Scam is the epitome of “evincing a design to reduce Americans under absolute despotism”.  It’s time for all Americans to come together peacefully and finish the American Revolution that our ancestors started by shedding all relationships with the international counterfeiters.  It’s time for a real Tea-Party!  It’s time not simply to occupy Wall Street, but to occupy Washington, D.C. and restore our freedom!

If you would like to learn more about the real history of the United States, I have written a memorandum titled “The United States Doesn’t Own the Mississippi River” that starts with my Post of the same name on this Blog and goes on to reveal the real history of the United States that no one was supposed to understand.  It is based strictly on the statutes, regulations, and official documents of the United States.

You will learn that the Civil War was preplanned long ago.  You will learn what the “Union” really means.  Find out why Social Security is headquartered in Baltimore, while all the other federal agencies are headquartered in Washington, D.C.  You will see that the “taxpayer” paid for 9/11.  Nearly everything that has happened in America’s history was preplanned long ago.

I have included an order form here:

Order Form

Order Form

          The United States does not have exclusive ownership of the Mississippi River.  This is evidenced by the statutes within the United States Code (U.S.C.).  Let’s start with the Constitution at Article VI. 

           The first paragraph of Article VI of the Constitution reads as follows:

                    “All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before    the  Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United   States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.” 

          This simple paragraph lays waste to the commonly held opinion that the Articles of Confederation were simply abandoned with the ratification of the Constitution.  To understand the history of the United States one must study the official historical legislative documents of the United States. 

          After the revolution, the Peace Treaty of 1783 was made between the United States and Great Britain.  A copy of the Peace Treaty of 1783 is included:  Peace Treaty of 1783.  This was during the time that the Articles of Confederation were the governing law of the land.  Article 8 of the Peace Treaty of 1783 follows:

                    “The navigation of the river Mississippi, from its source to the ocean, shall forever remain free and open to the subjects of Great    Britain and the citizens of the United States.”  

           At the time that the Peace Treaty of 1783 was made, the Mississippi River was basically the western border of the new United States of America.  The Spanish, the French, and Great Britain were all still vying for the remaining land of the New World.

          President Thomas Jefferson secured the Louisiana Purchase on April 30, 1803, which concerned Louisiana and all the lands west of the Mississippi River that were in the possession of France.  France had no claim on the Mississippi River.  Therefore, under Article VI of the Constitution, the Mississippi River remains open to the subjects of Great Britain.

          In May of 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was created.  The TVA includes a dam on the Tennessee River in Muscle Shoals, Alabama.  The Tennessee River flows northwest into the Ohio River just about 45 miles before the Ohio River flows into the Mississippi River at Cairo, Illinois.  The TVA therefore controls how much water will flow into the Mississippi River.

          Since Great Britain must always have free navigation of the Mississippi River, the TVA is jointly under the control of the Federal Government and Great Britain.

           The following are some of the statutes from the United States Code that evidence that the articles of the Peace Treaty of 1783 are still in effect.

          Under Title 28, “Judiciary and Judicial Procedure”, Part IV, “Jurisdiction and Venue”, Chapter 91, “United States Court of Federal Claims”, is Section 1491, “Claims against United States generally; actions involving Tennessee Valley Authority”.  The entire statute is included herein as Exhibit 2.  The first sentence from subsection (a) paragraph (1) of this statute follows: 

                    “The United States Court of Federal Claims shall have jurisdiction to render judgment upon any claim against the United States founded either upon the Constitution, or any Act of Congress, or any regulation of an executive department, or upon any express or  implied contract with the United States, or for liquidated or   unliquidated damages in cases not sounding in tort.” 

          Subsection (c) from this statute follows:

                    “Nothing herein shall be construed to give the United States Court of Federal Claims jurisdiction of any civil action within the        exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of International Trade, or of any   action against, or founded on conduct of, the Tennessee Valley      Authority, or to amend or modify the provisions of the Tennessee        Valley Authority Act of 1933 with respect to actions by or against         the Authority.”

          The reason that the United States Court of Federal Claims doesn’t have jurisdiction over the TVA is because of the fact that the United States doesn’t have exclusive ownership of the Mississippi River.  This explains why the term “Authority” is used in the TVA. 

          Under Title 41, “Public Contracts”, Chapter 9, “Contract Disputes”, is Section 602, “Applicability of law”.  The entire statute is included herein as Exhibit 3.  The second sentence of subsection (b) follows:

                    “Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, contracts of the Tennessee Valley Authority for the sale of fertilizer or electric power or related to the conduct or operation of the electric power system shall be excluded from the chapter.” 

          This statute has to do with executive agency contracts, but specifically has a subsection excluding the TVA because the United States doesn’t have exclusive ownership of the Mississippi River.

          Under Title 33, “Navigation and Navigable Waters”, Chapter 12, “River and Harbor Improvements Generally”, Subchapter 1, “General Provisions”, is Section 558c.  The entire statute is included herein as Exhibit 4.  This statute grants the power to the Secretary of the Army to establish rights-of-way concerning flood control improvements.  The last sentence from this section follows:

                    “Provided further, That the authority granted to the Secretary of the Army shall not extend to or include lands held or acquired by the Tennessee Valley Authority pursuant to the terms of the Tennessee Valley Authority Act (16 U.S.C. 831 et seq.).”

          Once again, here is evidence that the United States does not have exclusive ownership of the Mississippi River.

          Under Title 33, “Navigation and Navigable Waters”, Chapter 15, “Flood Control”, is Section 709, “Regulations for use of storage waters; application to Tennessee Valley Authority”.  This entire statute is included herein as Exhibit 5.

          Under Title 16, “Conservation”, Chapter 12A, “Tennessee Valley Authority”, is Section 831r, “Patents; access to Patent and Trademark Office and right to copy patents; compensation to patentees”.  This entire statute is included herein as Exhibit 6.  In essence, this statute gives the TVA access to anybody’s patent and trademark information.

          Why was the TVA created in 1933 to honor the Peace Treaty of 1783?

          The U.S. federal government was bankrupted by the Federal Reserve System in the 1930’s.  The evidence is published right in front of everyone, but no one ever takes the time to read the laws.  The correlation between the United States Code (U.S.C.) and the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.) evidences the bankruptcy:  title 11 U.S.C., “Bankruptcy”, is implemented by title 11 C.F.R., “Federal Elections”.  The Federal Election Commission is charged with implementing the bankruptcy laws.  Your vote is simply to elect a bankruptcy “administration”. 

          The C.F.R. was created in the mid-1930’s to establish what agency would be responsible for each of the titles of the U.S.C.  There was no such thing as the C.F.R. before that time since there was no bankruptcy.

          The establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority was created contemporarily with bankruptcy to give credence to the Peace Treaty of 1783.  This is the evidence that the FED is simply working for Great Britain.  The precursors to the FED were sent here by Great Britain in order to re-establish control over the American colonies that had so ostentatiously established the United States.


          The above should have whet your appetite – it is from the memorandum “The United States Doesn’t Own the Mississippi River”.    

          Here are  some more things that the media has reported (as the government’s lapdog) without ever questioning the government’s pronouncements:

                        Do you know what Social Security really is?

          Even though the FED bankrupted the U.S. federal government with its counterfeit money loans, it still could not control the individual American.  Sovereignty lies with the individual American, not the federal government.  So the FED and its puppet, the U.S. federal government, created Social Security to complete the control over individual Americans. 

          You’ve been taught that Social Security is simply an insurance plan run by the federal government.  Actually, the “Form SS-5” that an applicant fills out to apply for a S.S. # is a federal employment form. 

          You’ve heard the name of the federal employee at least a thousand times.   You probably state with some kind of pride: “I’m a taxpayer”.  A “taxpayer” is a term defined in the Code as a member of the Merchant Marine – a federal employee.  Think about it – who is liable for federal employment taxes?  Federal employees are liable.  Go to to see the actual definition of “taxpayer” and other terms, such as, “U.S citizen” and “U.S. resident”.  Go to to read the entire Social Security Scam.

    What did the Supreme Court really say about the 16th Amendment?

           The Supreme Court decisions regarding the 16th Amendment have been intentionally misrepresented.  The Declaration of Independence states that “all men are created equal” (and, of course, women), so no person or group of people may ever initiate force or fraud against another person or group of people.  The Constitution only grants the federal government jurisdiction over foreign commerce, interstate commerce, and trade with the Indians.  So when the media reported that the Supreme Court stated in its decisions that the federal government always had the power to tax income, they conveniently ignored the commerce clause ramifications.  The Supreme Court also ruled several times that the 16th Amendment conferred no new taxing provisions to the federal government.  So, whatever income that was subject to an income tax must have been within the federal government’s jurisdiction to begin with as the Supreme Court stated.  See the Post on this Blog at to find out exactly what the Supreme Court has stated concerning the 16th Amendment.

                What is the jurisdiction of the internal revenue laws? 

          Actually, “internal revenue” is a part of the customs.  It’s therefore within the foreign commerce jurisdiction.  Customs gains revenue for the government by collecting importing duties from foreign countries.  Internal revenue gains revenue for the government by collecting importing duties from the U.S. possessions – thus a source of “internal revenue”.  Go to http/  to learn about the actual jurisdiction of the internal revenue laws.

                        To whom exactly does the income tax apply? 

          The income tax was created by an Act of Congress back in 1861.  Go to to read the actual statute and find out to whom it applies.

  What gave the federal government control over medicine and drugs? 

          The medicine and drug laws are all within the internal revenue laws – they are, therefore, based upon importing.  Go to to see how the laws have been written to hide the underlying importing requirements.

                      Learn how to read the Internal Revenue Code

          Go to and learn how to find the source of liability for the income tax.  It is nothing like you have been led to believe.





          I have written a memorandum titled “The United States Doesn’t Own the Mississippi River” which exposes the entire history of the New World.  What Americans have been taught is a fairy tale.  Please go to this web site for more details and while you are there look at what this site is offering to help you establish your own sovereignty and escape from all of the adhesion contracts that you have unwittingly signed over your lifetime: 



          The official website of the Internal Revenue Service has a page titled “Brief History of IRS”.  It states there the following:  “The roots of the IRS go back to the Civil War when President Lincoln and Congress, in 1862, created the position of commissioner of Internal Revenue and enacted an income tax to pay war expenses.”. 

          Here is the Act of Congress approved July 1, 1862, that the IRS cites as the origin of the position of commissioner of Internal Revenue:  Act of Congress approved July 1, 1862.  I have enclosed the first two pages of this Act and a later page that contains Section 89 of the Act, which is listed under the heading of “Income Duty”.  In Section 89 it states that it is modifying and reenacting a previous Act of Congress that relates to income tax.  In other words, the income tax was already in existence before the Act of Congress that the IRS relies upon for its origin.  The income tax is specified as being enacted in sections 49, 50, and 51 of the Act of Congress approved on August 5, 1861.

          The Act of Congress approved on August 5, 1861, “An Act to provide increased Revenue from Imports, to pay Interest on the Public Debt, and for other Purposes” created the income tax.  Here is a link to that Act of Congress:  Act of Congress approved August 5, 1861.

          I have enclosed the first page of this Act of Congress and the pages that contain the sections referenced above, sections 49, 50, and 51.  Section 49 implements the income tax and states that :  “The tax herein provided shall be assessed upon the annual income of the persons hereinafter named …”.  Then in section 50 the President is authorized to appoint assessors and collectors to assess and collect internal duties and income tax.  These are “the persons hereinafter named” from section 49 (along with other government officials) that are now subject to the income tax.  Section 51 then grants the assessors and collectors the power to levy those that are delinquent in their payments.

          The Act of Congress that the IRS cites for its origin reenacts the income tax laws, but does not any longer cite “the persons hereinafter named”.  This is one of the most important things to understand about the legislative draftsmen that write the laws – the original Act of Congress must be read in order to find the basic jurisdiction of the laws.  None of the later Acts of Congress that create, amend, or reenact an income tax actually cite to whom the tax applies.  This is consistent throughout the history of legislation in the United States.  Since the Declaration of Independence is the organic law of the land, and it states that “all men are created equal”, only the government’s own assessors and collectors could be subject to an income tax.  The income tax was implemented within an Act of Congress that concerned increasing revenue from imports – foreign commerce.

          In the 1870’s the Revised Statutes were written to help consolidate all the previous legislation of Congress.  Title XXXV of the Revised Statutes is Internal Revenue.  Section 3158 of the Revised Statutes defines the income tax return.  It states, in part, as follows:  “Every internal-revenue officer, whose payment, charges, salary, or compensation are composed, wholly or in part, of fees, commissions, allowances, or rewards, from whatever source derived, shall be required to render to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, under regulations to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, a statement under oath setting forth the entire amount of such fees, commissions, emoluments, or rewards of whatever nature, or from whatever source received, during the time for which said statement is rendered…”.  I have enclosed a link to section 3158, along with the overall title page of the Revised Statutes and the heading page for Internal Revenue here:  Revised Statutes – Section 3158.  Note the use of the phrase “from whatever source derived” in this section.  This is obviously the predecessor of the 16th Amendment – the income tax.  The 16th Amendment reads as follows:  “The Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”. 

          Since the income tax applies to the government’s own tax assessors and collectors it was naturally ruled to be constitutional by the Supreme Court.  The Supreme Court ruled that the Congress always had the power to institute an income tax and that no new powers of taxation were granted to the government by the 16th Amendment.  (For a more complete examination of the Supreme Court decisions, link to “The Supreme Court decisions concerning the 16th Amendment” here at on the “Posts for freedom” page of this Blog).

          When the federal government went bankrupt to the international counterfeiters in 1933 the Social Security scam was hatched.  A Social Security applicant is unknowingly becoming a federal employee who is receiving an undistributed dividend that is composed of income tax payments, thus turning that applicant into an internal revenue assessor and collector.  This is why the IRS states that this country’s income tax is based upon self-assessment. 

          Social Security is the most pernicious and destructive plot to undermine freedom ever devised by any government.  The United States government always talks about protecting the freedoms of Americans, while actually doing everything in its power to destroy freedom.  By taking an American’s money to do with whatever the government (actually the government’s masters, the international counterfeiters – the Federal Reserve) wishes an American’s vote has become meaningless.  As long as the government and its masters have an American’s money they will continue to undermine all freedom regardless of who is elected.    


I’ve just written a new Blog (February 25, 2014) that will confirm everything herein with even more Supreme Court decisions.  Everything here is still relevant, but what I have just recently uncovered that is the basis of my new Blog makes it even more important that this message gets out in front of the public.  Go to to read “Supreme Court Decisions Concerning the 16th Amendment, Sovereignty, and Corporations”.

The Supreme Court is bound by the Constitution.  In Article I, Section 8, the Constitution grants jurisdiction to the federal government to regulate three areas of commerce:  “To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes” – in other words, foreign commerce, interstate commerce, and Indian commerce.

The 16th Amendment, the income tax, has been the subject of many Supreme Court decisions.  The IRS always cites to the Brushaber v. Union Pacific R.R. Co., 240 U.S. 1 (1916), to inform the public that the income tax was held to be constitutional by the Supreme Court.  What the IRS doesn’t inform the public about Mr. Frank Brushaber, the central character in the Supreme Court case, is that he was a withholding agent for several foreign investors in the Union Pacific Railroad, acting as their fiduciary.

The Supreme Court, obviously being aware of all of the pertinent details, ruled in the Brushaber case that the federal government always had the power to tax income as an excise tax and, therefore, the 16th Amendment is constitutional.

The Supreme Court then ruled in the very next case it decided, Stanton v. Baltic Mining, 240 US 103 (1916), the following:  “… that by the previous ruling it was settled that the provisions of the Sixteenth Amendment conferred no new power of taxation, but simply prohibited the previous complete and plenary power of income taxation possessed by Congress from the beginning from being taken out of the category of indirect taxation to which it inherently belonged and being placed in the category of direct taxation subject to apportionment by a consideration of the sources from which the income was derived…”.  The “previous ruling” cited in the Stanton decision was referring to the Brushaber decision.

A few years later the Supreme Court again ruled upon the 16th Amendment’s effect on the federal government’s power of taxation.  In Peck & Co. v. Lowe, 247 US 165 (1918), the Supreme Court stated, in part:  “The Sixteenth Amendment … does not extend the taxing power to new or excepted subjects …”.

The Supreme Court decisions above all inform everyone that no new power of taxation was granted to the federal government by the 16th Amendment.  These decisions all inform everyone that the federal government always had the power to tax income from the beginning.  Since no new power of taxation was granted to the federal government by the 16th Amendment and the federal government was held to always have had the power to tax income, then the revenue that’s being derived by the federal government from an income tax must come from one of the regulated commerce jurisdictions granted to the federal government by the Constitution – therefore, this revenue must come from foreign commerce, interstate commerce, or Indian commerce.  After all, generating income is a commercial activity.

The Supreme Court ruled exactly that in Eisner v. Macomber, 252 U.S. 189 (1920), where the Court stated the following:  “The 16th Amendment must be construed in connection with the taxing clauses of the original Constitution and the effect attributed to them before the Amendment was adopted.”.

By realizing that Mr. Frank Brushaber was a fiduciary for foreign investors in the Union Pacific Railroad, it becomes obvious that the revenue being derived by the federal government from the income tax must come from foreign commerce.

After the Brushaber and Stanton Supreme Court decisions were rendered, the Treasury Department issued its own decision, Treasury Decision 2313 (TD 2313).  TD 2313 was issued to “collectors of internal revenue” and it stated that the Internal Revenue Form 1040 is to be used only by the fiduciary of a nonresident alien who has received interest from bonds and dividends on the stock of domestic (US) corporations on behalf of that nonresident alien.  This Treasury Decision, which was based upon the Supreme Court decisions, confirms the foreign commerce nature of the income tax.

The statutes that make up the Internal Revenue Code must, therefore, be read in mind with the above Supreme Court decisions as well as the following Supreme Court decision:

“It is elementary law that every statute is to be read in the light of the Constitution.  However broad and general its language, it cannot be interpreted as extending beyond those matters which it was within the constitutional power of the legislature to reach.” – McCullough v. Com of Virginia, 172 U.S. 102 (1898).

The Social Security scam was created to enslave free, sovereign Americans.  An American applying for a Social Security number has become a federal employee by joining a partnership (the Social Security number is the partnership number) that is attributing an undistributed dividend to that American as a partner in that partnership, said dividend being the link to foreign commerce that subjects that American to Treasury Decision 2313 and the requirement to file an Internal Revenue Form 1040.  The undistributed dividend, known as a patronage dividend within the Internal Revenue Code, is offset by the American’s foreign tax credit, FICA.

The Internal Revenue Form 1040 has a large section titled “Tax and Credits”.  Within that area are various credits that can be claimed by attaching the corresponding form, for instance:  Form 2441 for credit for child and dependent care expenses, Schedule R for credit for the elderly or the disabled, Form 8863 for education credits, Form 5695 for residential energy credits, Form 8880 for retirement savings contributions, etc.  However, the foreign tax credit line states “Attach Form 1116 if required”.  It only states “if required” because the Form 1040 automatically is claiming a foreign tax credit, FICA.  FICA is a possession tax as stated at 26 USC Section 7655, and the possessions are treated as foreign countries (26 USC Section 865 and Section 872 for example).  This makes FICA a foreign tax and it is the credit that is used to offset the earnings represented by the undistributed patronage dividend.

Social Security is the biggest fraud ever instituted – making a free, sovereign American nothing more than a subservient slave for the federal government.  The federal government (actually its owners, the international counterfeiters who have bankrupted the federal government) has had to contrive this incredible fraud in order to get around the bedrock of America – the Declaration of Independence which states that “all men are created equal”.  Since all men (and women) are created equal, no one American or group of Americans may initiate fraud or force against another American or group of Americans, including the government, which is simply made up of other Americans.  No one may convey a power to any government agent that that person does not have.  In other words, Americans can not vote to give a power to the government that Americans do not have to begin with.  The government and its owners, the international counterfeiters (the Federal Reserve) know that the government has no power over free, sovereign Americans.  The prohibition, the depression, and wars have all been masterfully engineered in order to get Americans to give up their sovereignty by enrolling in Social Security.

Actually, the 14th Amendment was ratified in order to prepare Americans to be treated as foreigners by creating the “U.S. citizen”.  The 14th Amendment speaks of a citizen born in the United States and subject to its jurisdiction.  As noted above, the federal government only has jurisdiction over foreign commerce, interstate commerce, and trade with the Indians.  An American is sovereign – a person born in one of the States is not subject to the federal government’s limited jurisdiction.  The Birth Certificate is actually used by the federal government to establish U.S. possession citizenship.  This makes one born in one of the States and subject to its jurisdiction since the federal government is given total control over its possessions – Article 4, Section 3, Clause 2 of the Constitution.  Go to to read “The 14th Amendment Destroyed American Sovereignty”.

Go to to see the actual jurisdiction of internal revenue.

Go to to see the actual Act of Congress that created the income tax.

Go to to see “The Bankers’ Blueprint to Destroy American Sovereignty”.